Single Camera Techniques

A Single-camera technique is mainly used in shows like comedies, documentaries and dramas using only one camera in the process every shot on set would have been filmed with the one camera. In post production when there are a lot of different things to focus on in a scene, so the editors cut between them because they have to film from lots angles this also allows some longer scenes to get cut down if it’s too long and won’t fit in. For it to even fit into as show the producer has to make a decision at the beginning to see if the show would work with a single camera. Shows that use the use single camera techniques are shows like Brooklyn Nine-Nine,  the inbetweeners, the walking dead and US office.


The walking dead, Serial Horror fiction, because this show is called a series it a continuation of the previous episodes for example if one action or death happens in one episode it will continue to the next, the loss of that person will be shown through the people and mentioned throughout the next few episodes. Airing on the AMC television network, as well as on DVD/Blu-ray after each series has aired. This show generally uses a linear structure, having the main chunk of each episode appear in chronological order.  The Walking Dead also uses many cliff hangers halfway through a season and at the end of a season. Thus making it an open ending. An example of a cliffhanger is at the end of episode 16, season 6, this episode being the last in the season. An example of a cliffhanger is at the end of episode 16, season 6, this episode being the last in the season. At the end of the episode, a new main enemy is introduced. This enemy has to choose someone in the group to kill. After a long and intense sequence he finally chooses someone, however, it is seen from the perspective of the person who is chosen, and no names are said. Once the sound effects of a gritty death have taken place with a black screen, the episode ends. Also, some points like the first scene in an episode or just after an advertisement break, some flashbacks are used.  An example of a flashback is at the beginning of episode 2, season 2. This scene takes place before the zombie apocalypse setting that this show depicts. It shows the wife of one of the main characters picking up her son after school, and having to tell her son that his father had been shot. (The father being a police officer) Once the child starts looking upset it then immediately cuts back to the current time of the family in the zombie apocalypse. I think that this is done to show how far the characters have come, and to make you remember that these killers and scavengers are meant to be a family. The Walking Dead also uses many cliff hangers halfway through a season and at the end of a season. Thus making it an open ending. Saying that it made the first episode of season one of the most viewed episodes out of every episode of The Walking Dead. The lighting in The Walking Dead appears to make everything seem a bit duller than it may actually look in real life. I think that this is done to emphasize the decay and apocalyptic world that this series is set in. When it comes to scripting, the TV show often bases their narrative of the comic book as that was released first in 2003, however the producers of the TV show often change certain parts in order to keep the audience guessing, for example, the characters Daryl & Merle Dixon are a part of the TV show but are non-existent in the comics. A TV drama, which is The Walking Dead, is an exaggerated life situation with more drama, narrative, and issues.


Brooklyn Nine Nine is a police-based comedy first made in 2013, which stars actors such as Terry Crews, Andy Samberg and Stephanie Beatriz. We can see with this production a cameraman/ woman tends to follow around the cast with only a couple of cameras, that and a lighting man and a couple of boom men to capture the sound of each actor. When looking at various episodes we can see that ‘Brookyn Nine-Nine uses the cinematic technique called “hand-held camera” in which a cameraman deliberately doesn’t put a camera on a stand so then there would be more movement for the camera, additionally it makes the audience feel a part of the programme, instead of sitting in a stationary, frozen position. Furthermore, the cameraman tends to zoom out and in if they want particular shots, rather than retaking certain shots, both saving time and directing the audience on whether they should be looking at a character’s reaction or an entire scene. The show is a police Sitcom, a sitcom is a type of comedy based on a group of characters who carry over from episode to episode. The story carries out throughout the series following the characters through their lives and referencing past episodes keeping the story open and sequential.


The US Office is a comedy tv show that displays the antics and life of people in an office in America. Rather than show just the happy times they show us the ups and downs of people working in this office, given that it’s mainly good times brings us closer to the characters and their personality. One of the main parts of the show is parts when the have one to one talks with characters about what been going on in the office recently. The show films during the day mainly, working hours, but when people stay later they stay and film it, so the lighting is mainly normal but with the office lights the may use some artificial lighting for the interview parts but that’s about it. When it comes to writing they try to keep in as random as possible, as if anything could happen because of the office revelries, for example, this gives the viewer the idea that they can guess what’s going to happen. Even though shows like Outnumbered is unpredictable they do a lot less shaky cam and don’t usually follow the character because they don’t interact with the cameramen, acknowledging them,  but it the us office they do because it’s a big part of the show and by doing this it really adds to documentary feel and by doing this build the story for the characters effortlessly. The office was filmed with a single camera set up to make the show feel more like a documentary as it had no laugh track or audience which got its one of a kind humor to be shown across better. The main force that drives the show is that the camera crew had decided to film Dunder Mifflin and its employees and the presence of the camera is shown through the characters in a somewhat confessions moment in the show.


The inbetweeners it yet another shows the displays the life of people without them knowing. This tv show is full of quick cuts and comedic igneous, and I think because of these quick cuts between the gags give the extra comedic effect showing that these characters aren’t your average group of teens as they are constantly out to get each other. It’s quite a witty show so the music that goes with it has to be good, and it is the music that comes with the inbetweeners set up the jokes and when something funny to the character is going to happen perfectly using slo-mos and zoomed reactions to get the best out of the scene, and the best part about it the jokes aren’t forced or rushed the let the set up do all the work out of it, then getting the reaction out of you and building the scene perfectly but keeping the story open for reference in later episodes and later in the episode. This show is an English sitcom which follows these unusual boys through their high school years. The story keeps the characters ideas and relationships but never really talk or bring up previous episode so it kind of keeps a linear story but each episode has a different plot, this works well for the show as it gives a new exciting story for the viewer as I feel it wouldn’t work well as a show like Eastenders as that show has a more of a sequential story and Inbetweeners is a bunch of one-offs. The inbetweeners have their own movies which follow the same techniques in most scenes of it, following the same basic story of the inbetweeners it adds more to the story developing the characters and showing us more of the inbetweeners world. The show tries to give a somewhat realistic look at some teenage boys lives through high school, even though some parts of the show are unrealistic and exaggerated you could still see them happening in real life but most likely not everyone that unlucky.


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