Classics

Greek

  • Oedipus Rex by Sophocles. The play is an example of a classic tragedy, and is considered one of the best over the centuries.
  • Discourses of Epictetus. They are extracts of the teachings of the Stoic philosopher Epictetus from 108 AD
  • The Frogs by Aristophanes. This a comedy written by Aristophanes. It was performed at  one of the Festivals of Dionysus in Athens, in 405 BC, and received first place.
  • Works and Days by Hesiod. This a comedy written by Aristophanes. It was performed at  one of the Festivals of Dionysus in Athens, in 405 BC, and received first place.
  • Politics by Aristotle. This is a work of political philosophy; the title literally means “the things concerning the polis.”
  • Argonautica by Apollonius Rhodius. This is the only surviving Hellenistic epic, the Argonautica which tells the legend of Jason and the Argonauts on their mission to retrieve the Golden Fleece
  • The Republic by Plato. One of Plato’s most famous works, this is a Socratic dialogue discussing the meaning of justice, different forms of government and how the perfect city-state should look like.
  • Histories by Herodotus. Written around the 450’s BC, the book is a massive record of all the ancient traditions, politics, geography, and wars happening in the known world at the time.
  • Cyropaedia by Xenophon This is the biography of Cyrus the Great, written by the gentleman-soldier Xenophon in the early 4th century BC.
  • The Iliad and The Odyssey by Homer. They were written around the 8th century BC, but we are still not sure who Homer was.

Norse mythology

  • Odin
  • Thor
  • Loki
  • Freyja
  • Baldr
  • Freyr
  • Tyr
  • Haimdallr
  • Vanir
  • Njörðr

Roman Gods

Jupiter – King of the Gods
Juno – Queen of the Gods
Neptune – God of the Sea
Pluto – God of Death
Apollo – God of the Sun
Diana – Goddess of the Moon
Mars – God of War
Venus – Goddess of Love
Cupid – God of Love
Mercury – Messenger of the Gods
Minerva – Goddess of Wisdom
Ceres – The Earth Goddess
Proserpine – Goddess of the Underworld
Vulcan – The Smith God
Bacchus – God of Wine
Saturn – God of Time
Vesta – Goddess of the Home
Janus – God of Doors
Uranus and Gaia – Parents of Saturn
Maia – Goddess of Growth
Flora – Goddess of Flowers
Plutus – God of Wealth
Creatures & Monsters  Centaurs Centaurs Half-man half-horse, aka Hippocentaurs.
Chiron was the most famous.
Creatures & Monsters  Satyrs Satyrs-Fauns Half-man half-goat, woodland spirits. goats ears, horns, & legs
Creatures & Monsters  Minotaur Minotaur Half-man half-bull; King Minos’son.
Was housed in the labyrinth. Defeated by Theseus.
Creatures & Monsters  Sphinx Sphinx Female monster with the head and breasts of a woman, body of a dog, tail of a serpent, wings of a bird, paws of a lion, and a human voice. Perched on a rock near Thebes.
Creatures & Monsters  Harpies Harpies filthy,winged monsters; face of woman, and body of vulture,sharp claws;aka Hounds of Zeus.
Creatures & Monsters  Sirens Sirens Three sea nymphs; part bird, part woman.
Seductive singing lured sailors to their death.
Creatures & Monsters  Medusa Medusa 1 of 3 snaky-haired Gorgons.Medusa was mortal. Stheno & Euryale were immortal. Their eyes had the power to turn onlookers into stone.
Creatures & Monsters  Graeae Graeae (Gray) Three old sister (witches) who shared an eye and a tooth.
Creatures & Monsters  Talos Talos (Talus) Bronze giant who guarded Crete.
Defeated by Jason.
Creatures & Monsters  Typhon Typhon 100 dragon headed, fiery son of Gaea.
Father of monsters such as Ladon, Cerberus, Sphinx, Chimera, Hydra, Nemean Lion, Orthus.

Japanese mythology

According to the myths, they made the islands of Japan as well as many of the gods and goddesses. Izanagi and Izanami also appear in a story about a descent to Yomi-tsu Kuni, a land of darkness and death associated with the underworld. Perhaps the best-knownJapanese deity is the sun goddess Amaterasu.

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